Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects how your body turns food into energy.2 When you eat, your body breaks down the food into sugar, also known as glucose, that is released into the bloodstream. Your body then releases a hormone called insulin, which allows cells to turn glucose into energy.
When someone has diabetes, the body doesn't make enough insulin or is unable to use it correctly, leading to too much glucose remaining in the bloodstream. High sugar levels in the body are harmful and can cause permanent damage.
There are three types of diabetes — type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes which occurs during pregnancy. For this article, we'll focus on types 1 and 2.